<source> Source (in a citation)

Title of the resource (for example, journal, book, podcast, conference proceedings, radio or TV show) that contains (is the source of) the material being cited in a bibliographic reference or product. In the case of a resource that has titles at multiple hierarchical levels, this is the title of the largest titled resource (e.g., the TV show name and not the episode title).


Citations to Standards

The element <std>, which contains a citation to a standard, uses the element <title> to tag the title of a standard. In contrast, JATS uses the <source> to tag a cited standard title. Both STS and JATS use <std-ref> to encode the standard designation of a cited standard.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  source       (#PCDATA %source-elements;)*                 >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | abbrev | email | ext-link | uri | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | num | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | inline-media | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | tbx:entailedTerm | xref | sub | sup)*

Tagged Samples
As part of bibliographic reference for book
<ref id="bibr40">
 <mixed-citation publication-type="book"
  ><collab>World Health Organization</collab>, <collab>World 
  Bank</collab>. (<year iso-8601-date="2011">2011</year>), 
  <source>World Report on Disability</source>, 
  <publisher-loc>Geneva</publisher-loc>, available at: 
As part of bibliographic reference for journal
 <ref id="ref_4">
  <mixed-citation publication-type="journal"
   <source>Dtsch. Lebensmitt. Rundsch</source>. 
   <year iso-8601-date="1974">1974</year>, 
   <volume>70</volume> p. <fpage>57</fpage></mixed-citation>