<copyright-holder> Copyright Holder

Name of the organizational or personal entity that holds a copyright.


Duplication with the <copyright-statement>

The name of the copyright holder is typically text within the copyright statement, as this statement is expected to be displayed. For purposes of searching and metadata extraction, Best Practice is to repeat the copyright holder name using this <copyright-holder> element.
Multiple copyright holders
When a standards document has more than one copyright holder (for example, dual copyrights for two separate SDOs):
Related Elements
There are three copyright elements which may be contained in the <permissions> grouping element:
  • <copyright-statement>, which is a textual statement of the copyright intended for print and display (This full statement usually contains the copyright holder’s name and the year among other information.);
  • <copyright-year>, a metadata element that names just the copyright year (This is intended for metadata searching and aggregation and is typically not displayed.); and
  • <copyright-holder>, also a metadata element that is typically not displayed.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Any combination of:
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  copyright-holder
                        (#PCDATA %copyright-holder-elements;)*       >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | institution | institution-wrap | sub | sup)*

Tagged Samples
Copyright statement and single copyright holder
  <copyright-statement>ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society 
   of Mechanical Engineers.</copyright-statement>
  <copyright-holder>THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS</copyright-holder> </permissions>
Copyright year and holder with no copyright statement
<iso-meta id="profile.int">
Two copyright holders
 <copyright-statement>© NACE International/ASTM International 
  2015 – All rights reserved</copyright-statement>
 <copyright-holder>NACE International</copyright-holder>
 <copyright-holder>ASTM International</copyright-holder>
  <license-p>All rights reserved</license-p>