<publisher-loc> Publisher’s Location (in a citation)

In a bibliographic citation (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>) or a citation to a related object (<related-object>), this element names the place of publication of the cited document, typically a city such as “New York” or “London”.


This element is not part of the metadata of a standards document. Use the element <std-org-loc> to record the location of the publishing or adopting standard.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  publisher-loc
                        (#PCDATA %publisher-loc-elements;)*          >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | addr-line | city | country | fax | institution | institution-wrap | phone | postal-code | state | email | ext-link | uri | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | num | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | inline-graphic | private-char | inline-code | inline-media | sub | sup)*

Tagged Sample

In mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved)

<ref id="bibr40">
 <mixed-citation publication-type="book"
  ><collab>World Health Organization</collab>, <collab>World 
  Bank</collab>. (<year iso-8601-date="2011">2011</year>), 
  <source>World Report on Disability</source>, 
  <publisher-loc>Geneva</publisher-loc>, available at: