Alternative Text

Word or phrase that serves as a textual alternative for the element.


Usage: Provides, for the elements on which it is allowed, the same type of service for pronouncing screen readers and other accessibility software as the element <alt-text> provides for graphics and other objects. This attribute contains a word or phrase used to provide a very short textual alternative to a component such as an abbreviation or cross-reference. The content of the attribute can be used for special accessibility presentation, to differentiate, for example, as part of an <abbrev>, that the WHO should not be pronounced as the “who”, but rather pronounced as the “W.H.O.” or as the “World Health Organization”.
Accessibility Best Practice: Please reserve this attribute for accessibility uses such as pronouncing screen readers. For example, it could be used to provide a textual interpretation of an emoticon (for example, “wink, frown” for the emoticon “ ;-( ”).

Used on these Elements:

Text, numbers, or special charactersSimple textual words or phrases provided as a textual alternative to its element, for example, a phrase to be pronounced by screen readers.
RestrictionThis is an optional attribute; there is no default.


 <p>Replacement of the DoD Index of Specifications and 
  Standards (<abbrev>DoDISS</abbrev>) with the Acquisition 
  Streamlining and Standardization Information System 
  (<abbrev alt="A.S.S.I.S.T.">ASSIST</abbrev>) database.</p>