<standard> Standards Document

The root element for the encoding of a standards document, such as a standard or an amendment.


Although designed for normative standards as published, revised, amended, etc. (including errata and corrigenda), this top-level element can be used to tag Guides, Technical Reports, and other standard-related documents that are not explicitly “standards”. If the model for a standard fits the other document type, such use is not a misuse of this Tag Set.
Parts of a Standards Document
A standard <standard> may be divided into several structural components:
  • The front matter for the standards document (<front>), which may contain:
  • The body of the standard (<body>), which contains the textual and graphical content of the standards document
  • Any back matter (<back>) such as annexes and reference lists
Editing Instructions
This Tag Set has been designed to make it possible to tag a revising document such as an amendment, which may contain only a sentence of explanatory text (“Replace the first paragraph in Section 2.3.1 with the paragraph below.”) followed by a paragraph of standards prose. The element <editing-instruction> would hold the instructions, and the element <p> would hold the prose. Such a revising document could contain full standards metadata.
Related Elements
The NISO STS Tag Sets names two top-level elements that may be the document element (root element) for a standards document:
  • adoption: A standard adoption document (<adoption>) is a wrapper for one or more standards being adopted (<standard>) and some amount of adopting metadata, notes, and prose.
  • standard: A standards document (<standard>) contains a standard, amendment, corrigendum, errata, etc. as it is published.
dtd-version (fixed value = 1.0)

Base Attributes

xml:lang (default = en)


xmlns:ali (fixed value = http://www.niso.org/schemas/ali/1.0)
xmlns:mml (fixed value = http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML)
xmlns:oasis (fixed value = http://www.niso.org/standards/z39-96/ns/oasis-exchange/table)
xmlns:tbx (fixed value = urn:iso:std:iso:30042:ed-1)
xmlns:xi (fixed value = http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude)
xmlns:xlink (fixed value = http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink)
xmlns:xsi (fixed value = http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance)
Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  standard     (front, body, back*)                         >
Tagged Sample

Showing typical components

  <sec sec-type="foreword">
  <sec sec-type="scope" id="s1">
   <p>This International Standard defines the test equipment 
    and procedures to be used ...</p>
   <app content-type="norm-annex" id="annA">
    <label>Annex A</label>
    <title>General operational requirements</title>
    <sec id="annA.1">
     <title>Installation, operation and maintenance 
      &mdash; general</title>
     <p>The manufacturer shall specify in documentation 
      provided for ...</p>
Related Resources