Used to mark text in which the case of the content should not be changed, even if the content around it is styled to all upper case or all lower.
As an example, the word “PhD” should not be changed during display to either “phd” or “PHD”. An another example, the lower case unit of measure, the “micro”, would change magnitude if translated to upper case.
Any combination of:
- Text, numbers, or special characters
- External Linking Elements
- <inline-supplementary-material> Inline Supplementary Material
- Related Material Elements
- Citation Elements
- Emphasis Elements
- <alternatives> Alternatives For Processing
- Inline Display Elements
- <chem-struct> Chemical Structure (Display)
- <inline-formula> Formula, Inline
- Math Elements
- Other Inline Elements
- <fn> Footnote
- <target> Target of an Internal Link
- <tbx:entailedTerm> Entailed Term
- <xref> X(cross) Reference
- <std-ref> Standard Reference Designation
- Baseline Change Elements
This element may be contained in:
<addr-line>, <aff>, <alt-title>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bold>, <chapter-title>, <chem-struct>, <code>, <collab>, <comment>, <compl>, <compound-kwd-part>, <compound-subject-part>, <copyright-statement>, <data-title>, <def-head>, <disp-formula>, <element-citation>, <ext-link>, <fixed-case>, <full>, <funding-source>, <gov>, <inline-formula>, <inline-supplementary-material>, <institution>, <intro>, <italic>, <kwd>, <label>, <license-p>, <main>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <nav-pointer>, <on-behalf-of>, <overline>, <p>, <part-title>, <preformat>, <price>, <publisher-loc>, <rb>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <related-term>, <role>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <see>, <see-also>, <see-also-entry>, <see-entry>, <series>, <sig>, <sig-block>, <source>, <std>, <strike>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subject>, <subtitle>, <sup>, <supplement>, <target>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <term-source>, <textual-form>, <th>, <title>, <trans-source>, <trans-subtitle>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <verse-line>, <xref>
... <sec sec-type="roster"> <title>ANSI/NISO Z39.23-1997 (S201<fixed-case>x</fixed-case>) Review Voting Pool</title> <p>At the time this standard was converted to stabilized maintenance (2016), the following were members of the ANSI/NISO Z39.23-1997 (S201<fixed-case>x</fixed-case>) Review Voting Pool. NISO approval of this standard does not necessarily imply that all Voting Members voted for its approval.</p> ... </sec> ...
... <p>In <fixed-case>eBook</fixed-case> publishing, it is important ...</p> ...