ANSI/NISO Z39.102-2017


(This Foreword is not part of ANSI/NISO Z39.102-2017, STS: Standards Tag Suite (Version 1.0). It is included for information only.)

About This Standard

This is the first edition of this standard. In addition to the element and attribute descriptions, two standards tag sets have been provided as part of NISO STS.

This NISO STS standard is based on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standard Tag Set (ISO STS, version 1.1). NISO STS 1.0 is a fully backwards-compatible superset of ISO STS 1.1. Therefore, any document that is valid to ISO STS 1.1 will be valid to NISO STS 1.0, by changing only the document type declaration (or other schema identification mechanism) and the attribute on the top level element (<standard>).

ISO STS was based on version 0.4 (Publishing) of the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS), now known in its updated form as ANSI/NISO Z39.96. The current NISO STS standard is based on ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2015, which is based on the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite, created by The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI): of the National Library of Medicine (NLM): The NLM Tag Suite was developed as an update of a Document Type Definition (DTD) used by the NCBI/NLM PubMed Central project to archive life science journals from a variety of sources. Input and support from Harvard University Libraries, as well as support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and collaboration with Inera, Inc. and Mulberry Technologies, Inc., allowed the scope of that project to be broadened and resulted in the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite.

Work on the NISO STS models and documentation, in support of NISO and the NISO STS Committee, was performed by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. Mulberry Technologies’ work was supported by ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) and ASTM International.

STS 1.0 and Continuous Maintenance

As JATS 1.0 was released by ANSI/NISO in August 2012 and immediately put into continuous maintenance mode, so is the intent with NISO STS. Information, including action minutes from the meetings that have led to the release of STS version 1.0, may be found at:

Instructions for Submittal of Proposed Changes to ANSI/NISO Z39.102-2017 Under Continuous Maintenance

If a provision of the standard is proposed for addition, deletion, or modification, the text of the provision must be submitted in writing. Comments or proposals for revision to any part of the standard may be submitted to NISO at any time. When possible, such proposals should be accompanied by examples. Submissions must be accompanied by the submitter’s name, affiliation, telephone number, and email address. Comments may be submitted to NISO online at: The STS Standing Committee will review suggestions at least once a year.

Trademarks, Service Marks

Wherever used in this standard, all terms that are trademarks or service marks are and remain the property of their respective owners.


During the course of the NISO STS Committee work, a few committee members departed for various reasons. We would like to acknowledge appreciation for their contributions, and for contributions by all the NISO STS Committee Members. Original members who were no longer with the Steering or Technical Committees at the time of the vote include Matt Brown, BSI Standards Limited; Keith Doubleday, IHS; Becky Fadik, SAE International; and Karen Reczek, National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST). The STS Working Group particularly appreciates the helpful contributions of the late Linda Guard of U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention, who was a member of the group for several months at the start of the work. NISO and the working group are grateful to ISO for its support of this project. Special thanks are due to Trevor Vyze, David Ratcliffe, Laurent Galichet, and Serge Juillerat. The working group thanks Todd Carpenter, Nettie Lagace, and the staff of NISO for their help and support in this project.

NISO Voting Members

At the time NISO approved this standard, the following organizations were members of the NISO voting pool that approved this standard.

American Library Association (ALA)
Jill Emery

American Physical Society (APS)
Mark Doyle
Paul Dlug (Alt)

American Psychological Association (APA)
Janice Fleming
Susan Hillson (Alt)

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Robert Wheeler
Bob Hollowell (Alt)

Apex CoVantage, LLC
Greg Suprock
Bill Kasdorf (Alt)

Association for Information Science & Technology (ASIS&T)
Mark Needleman
Dick Hill (Alt)

Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Sue Baughman
Pat Kent (Alt)

ASTM International
Howard Gilson
Suzanne Daulerio (Alt)

Nikos Markantonatos
Marty Picco (Alt)

BSI Standards Limited
Shirley Bailey-Wood
Simon Powell (Alt)

Cengage Learning
Gabriela Nocito
Kathy Marcaccio (Alt)

Cenveo Publisher Services
Evans Owens
Sam McCollum (Alt)

Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)
Michael Healy
Tracey Armstrong (Alt)

DIN Software GmbH
Cord Wischhöfer
Hartmut Strauß (Alt)

EBSCO Information Services
Oliver Pesch
Scott Bernier (Alt)

Ex Libris, Inc.
Mike Dicus
Christa Jameson (Alt)

Gerry Grenier
Adam Philippidis (Alt)

Inera, Inc.
Bruce Rosenblum
Liz Blake (Alt)

International DOI Foundation (IDF)
Paul Jessop
Jonathan Clark (Alt)

Amy Kirchhoff
Bruce Heterick (Alt)

JAMA and The JAMA Network
Annette Flanagin
Karen Adams-Taylor (Alt)

John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Duncan Campbell

Library of Congress
Sally McCallum
John Zagas (Alt)

Los Alamos National Laboratory
Frances Knudson
Herbert Van de Sompel (Alt)

Paul Swanson
Valerie Horton (Alt)

Mulberry Technologies, Inc.
B. Tommie Usdin
Debbie Lapeyre (Alt)

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Kimberly Richardson

National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS)
Gregory Grazevich
Marcie Granahan (Alt)

National Library of Medicine (NLM)
Barbara Rapp
Jacque-Lynne Schulman (Alt)

Oxford University Press
James Phillpotts
Damian Bird (Alt)

Carol Brent
Beat Barblan (Alt)

Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Helen Atkins

Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
David Hughes
Paul Jessop (Alt)

SAGE Publications
Anne-Marie Viola
Richard Fidczuk (Alt)
Carol Richman (Alt)

Society of American Archivists (SAA)
Michele Pacifico

Taylor & Francis Group
Stewart Gardiner
Vincent Lizzi (Alt)

The Library Corporation (TLC)
Sam Brenizer
Wayne Hicks (Alt)

Content and Collections Management Topic Committee

At the time NISO approved this standard, the following individuals served on the Content and Collections Management Topic Committee.

Eric Childress
OCLC Online Computer Library Center

Jody DeRidder
University of Alabama / University Libraries

Marti Heyman
OCLC Online Computer Library Center

Amy Kirchhoff

Betty Landesman
Independent Consultant

Peter McCracken
Cornell University Library

NISO STS Steering Committee

The following individuals served on the NISO STS Steering Committee and helped define the scope and goals associated with the work:

Kim Breitfelder

Anja Bielfeld (Observer)
IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)

Jo Collins

Laurent Galichet
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Laurent Gombert (Observer)
AFNOR Groupe

George Gulla (Observer)
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Bob Hager (Observer)
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Betty Landesman (Observer)
Independent Consultant

Debbie Lapeyre, Secretary
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.

Eamonn Neylon
Signal Arc

Gareth Oakes
Global Publishing Solutions (GPSL)

Evan Owens
Cenveo Publisher Services

Markus Plessel

Tim Preuss
Silverchair Science & Communications, LLC
Bruce Rosenblum, Co-chair
Inera Inc.

Antti Saari
Finnish Standards Association (SFS)

Ivan Salcedo
BSI Standards Limited

Al Sanders

Greg Saunders
Office of the Asst. Sec. of Defense for Research & Engineering (OASD-R&E)

Brian Trombley
Data Conversion Laboratory, Inc. (DCL)

B. Tommie Usdin
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.

Mike Visser
Clarivate Analytics

Lesley West
ASTM International

Robert Wheeler, Co-chair
ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

Cord Wischhöfer
DIN Software GmbH

Elizabeth Wolf
Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)

Hong Xu
European Committee for Standardization (CEN-CENELEC Management Centre)

Wei Zhao
Ontario Council of University Libraries  

NISO STS Technical Committee

The following individuals served on the NISO STS Technical Committee and performed more detailed analysis and helped determine specific requirements and solutions:

Robert Dreyfuss (Observer)
ASTM International

Heather Flanagan
RFC Editor

Laurent Galichet
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Howard Gilson
ASTM International

Frans Gooskens

Vinay Gupta
Edaptive Technologies LLC

Bob Hollowell
ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

Debbie Lapeyre
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.

Betty Landesman (Observer)
Independent Consultant

Nikos Markantonatos
Atypon Systems Inc.

Mary McRae
IQ Solutions

Ken Rawson

Bruce Rosenblum, Co-Chair
Inera Inc.

B. Tommie Usdin
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.

Gerrit Imsieke
le-tex Publishing Services

Serge Juillerat
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Robert Wheeler, Co-Chair
ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

David Winchell
XSB, Inc.