Description of and pointer to an external file that holds a media object (for example, an animation, an audio file, or a movie).
Media Content: The “content” of the <media> element is not the media object itself, but information concerning the object. The external file that contains the object is named by the @xlink:href attribute.
Media Placement: The @position attribute may be used to indicate whether this element must be anchored at its exact location within the text or whether it may float, but Best Practice is to anchor graphics and media objects. The few media objects that occur within the narrative text should be anchored in place, and all the media objects inside figures, tables, etc., should be anchored as well, although the outer structure (figure, boxed text) may be allowed to float.
Best Practice Usage: Display component elements, such as <caption>, should always be used at the highest possible level; in other words, if a <media> element is inside a <fig>, the <caption>, <long-desc>, etc., should be part of the <fig>, not part of the <media>. Use a <caption> element on a <media> only when the media object is not enclosed in any other structure or when a figure contains multiple media objects, each of which must have its own <caption>. For similar reasons, the @position attribute should be set to “anchor” for a <media> element that is inside a larger display container such as a <fig>.
When Content is a Form: The @is-form attribute can be used to indicate that the media object contains a form. What constitutes a “form” is not defined by NISO STS.
Any combination of:
- Accessibility Elements
- <abstract> Abstract
- External Linking Elements
- <caption> Caption of a Figure, Table, Etc.
- <object-id> Object Identifier
- <kwd-group> Keyword Group
- <label> Label of a Figure, Reference, Etc.
- Ownership Elements
This element may be contained in:
<ack>, <alternatives>, <app>, <app-group>, <array>, <bio>, <body>, <boxed-text>, <chem-struct>, <chem-struct-wrap>, <disp-formula>, <disp-quote>, <fig>, <fig-group>, <glossary>, <index>, <index-div>, <index-group>, <license-p>, <named-content>, <non-normative-example>, <non-normative-note>, <normative-example>, <normative-note>, <notes>, <p>, <ref-list>, <sec>, <see>, <see-also>, <see-also-entry>, <see-entry>, <sig>, <sig-block>, <styled-content>, <supplementary-material>, <table-wrap>, <td>, <term>, <term-display>, <term-sec>, <th>