<compound-kwd> Compound Keyword

Wrapper element for multi-part keywords (for example, a code and its description/title/meaning).


When to Use Compound Keyword

Some keywords are a simple word or phrase; such keywords should generally be tagged using the <kwd> element. The <compound-kwd> element is used when keywords are composed of multiple parts, such as:
  • a code and its meaning, or
  • an abbreviation and its expansion.
Language in Keywords
Keywords are contained in <kwd-group> elements. There may be several <kwd-group>s, each of which can be identified separately by language, vocabulary, or taxonomy source. Since different languages could mean, for example, different writing directions, none of the individual keyword elements (<kwd>, <compound-kwd>, <nested-kwd>) take the @xml:lang attribute; that is reserved for the <kwd-group> element. This means that if there are keywords in several languages they should be in different <kwd-group>s.
Vocabulary Attributes
For controlled vocabularies, two attributes can be used to link a keyword to its term source:
  • @vocab-term — This attribute holds the canonical form of the keyword as expressed in the vocabulary named in the <kwd-group>. The content of the keyword element (<kwd>, <compound-kwd>, <nested-kwd>) might not be exactly the same as the canonical form, as the keyword element content might be a user-specific variant, for example, the term in another language.
  • @vocab-term-identifier — This attribute holds a unique identifier and possible pointer to the specific term in the named vocabulary (typically a URI or DOI reference), but @vocab-term-identifier could be an item number or other system-specific identifier.
Related Elements
Types of Keywords: This Tag Set contains several differently-structured types of keywords:
  • <kwd> Used with simple keywords, such as words or phrases.
  • <compound-kwd> Used with multi-part keywords, such as keywords that contain both a code and its expansion/description/name/title.
  • <nested-kwd> Used with hierarchical keyword structures, such as taxonomies, to record a portion of a taxonomic hierarchy. Both simple and compound keywords can be nested hierarchically.
Keywords vs Subjects Terms: Subject terms (collected within a <subj-group> element) name broad classifications, categories, topics, or themes that describe or classify a standard. Keywords (collected within a <kwd-group> element) contain words from the narrative text or words (such as broader and narrower terms) related to that text.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Model Description
Tagged Sample

INSPEC keywords added by SDO

<kwd-group id="KG1" originator="ASME" vocab="Inspec"
 <compound-kwd id="KG1.1">
  <compound-kwd-part content-type="code">A7865P</compound-kwd-part>
  <compound-kwd-part content-type="text">Optical properties of other 
   inorganic semiconductors and insulators (thin films/low dimensional 

 <compound-kwd id="KG1.2">
  <compound-kwd-part content-type="code">A7865T</compound-kwd-part>
  <compound-kwd-part content-type="text">Optical properties of organic
   compounds and polymers (thin films/low dimensional structures)</compound-kwd-part>
Related Resources